How a Package of Rs. 20 Lakh Crores going to make India – Atmanirbhar Bharat: First Phase-13th may 2020

Banking & Investment Economics Taxation

How a Package of Rs. 20 Lakh Crores going to make India – Atmanirbhar Bharat: First Phase-13th may 2020

We all know that Indian Independence day is celebrated on 15th August. We secured our independence on 15th August 1947 or we can say we were declared independent on 15th August 1947 when UK parliament passed Indian Independence Act 1947. But are we really independent. see note below & answer..

  1. In 1947 one dollar was equal to One rupee. But now one dollar is equal to approximately Rs. 75.
  2. Our total exports during 2018-19 was US$330 Billion (approx. Rs 25 Lakh crores)
  3. Our total imports during 2018-19 was US$514 Billion (approx Rs 38 lakh Crores)
  4. To pay for excess imports, we have to buy foreign currency which is a reason for devaluation of our currency,
  5. Our total Revenue receipts for 2018-19 was approx Rs. 17 Lakh Crores (RE figures)
  6. Our total Revenue Expenditure for 2018-19 was approx Rs. 21.5 Lakh Crores (RE figures)
  7. Hence we are spending more than earning and its difference is called Revenue Deficit which is approx. 4.5 Lakh Crores which is met through capital receipts like Disinvestment, loans etc.

Now answer,,,,are we really independent?

actually not ,we are importing so much from foreign countries which is slowly making us slave to foreign products. Which is not a good sign for economy…..Big part of import is Oil which is a necessity  and some Imports may be due to Non-availability of good quality products in India like Laptop, Mobiles etc. but some products are imported even though they are available in India but we feel proud in using imported products.

Why can’t Govt ban import of such products.?

India has signed World Trade Agreement and accepted FREE TRADE as a policy .According to Free Trade policy we should not have any restriction on imports or exports. Now it is a Global market Competition where only people of a country can decide to buy indigenous and avoid foreign Products.

Since Dec-2019, Covid-19 Pandemic has hit the world economy very hard and there is lock-down in most of the countries of the world.  In India also , we are facing both corona pandemic and lockdown since 25-3-2020. Honorable PM, Sh. Narendra Modi has already announced 4th Phase of lockdown going to start from 18th may 2020. India is also facing a big challenge to bring the the economy back to the track.

Hence to revive the drowning economy and to gain independence from foreign products, Sh. Narendra Modi, while addressing the nation on 12th May 2020, has given a new vision to India i.e Atmanirbhar Bharat and has announced a package of Rs. 20 lakh Crore for this. This is more than total revenue receipts of our country for a year and equivalent to 10% of India’s GDP.

And the Utilization of  this package of Rs. 20 lakh crore will be announced by Honorable Finance Minister, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in phased manner, as said by Prime Minister.

Taking the first step immediately Finance minister announced first phase utilization of this package in the Press conference held on today i.e 13th may 2020. Following are the important announcements made by Finance minister for the First phase utilization of Atmanirbhar Bharat Package:-

Structural Announcements:-

  1. There are Five pillars of Atmanirbhar Bharat – Economy, Infrastructure, System, Vibrant Demography and Demand
  2. Package to cater to various sections including cottage industry, MSMEs, labourers, middle class, industries, among others.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (Rs. 1.70 Lakh Crore)

  • Insurance cover of Rs 50 Lakh per health worker.
  • Poor people given benefit of 5 kg wheat or rice per person for next 3 months.
  • 1 kg pulses for each household for free every month for the next 3 months.
  • 20 crore women Jan Dhan account holders get Rs 500 per month for next 3 months.
  • Gas cylinders, free of cost, provided to 8 crore poor families for the next 3 months.
  • Increase in MNREGA wage to Rs 202 a day from Rs 182 to benefit 13.62 crore families.
  • Ex-gratia of Rs 1,000 to 3 crore poor senior citizen, poor widows and poor Divyang
  • Front-loaded Rs 2,000 paid to farmers under existing PM-KISAN to benefit 8.7 crore farmers
  • Building and Construction Workers Welfare Fund allowed to be used to provide relief to workers
  • 24% of monthly wages to be credited into their PF accounts for next three months for wage-earners below Rs 15,000 p.m. in businesses having less than 100 workers
  • Five crore workers registered under Employee Provident Fund EPF to get non-refundable advance of 75% of the amount or three months of the wages, whichever is lower, from their accounts
  • Limit of collateral free lending to be increased from Rs 10 to Rs 20 lakhs for Women Self Help Groups supporting 6.85 crore households.
  • District Mineral Fund (DMF) to be used for supplementing and augmenting facilities of medical testing, screening etc.

Rs 3 lakh crores Collateral free Automatic Loans for Business, incl MSME

  • Businesses/MSMEs have been badly hit due to COVID19 need additional funding to meet operational liabilities built up, buy raw material and restart business
  • Decision: Emergency Credit Line to Businesses/MSMEs from Banks and NBFCs up to 20% of entire outstanding credit as on 29.2.2020
  • Borrowers with up to 25 crore outstanding and  Rs. 100 crore turnover eligible
  • Loans to  have  4  year           tenor     with           moratorium           of  12     months on Principal repayment
  • Interest to be capped
  • 100% credit guarantee cover to Banks and NBFCs on principal and interest
  • Scheme can be availed till 31st Oct 2020
  • No guarantee fee, no fresh collateral
  • 45 lakh units can resume business activity and safeguard jobs.

Rs 20,000 crore Subordinate Debt for MSMEs

  • Stressed MSMEs need equity support
  • GoI will facilitate provision of 20,000 cr as subordinate debt
  • Two lakh MSMEs are likely to benefit
  • Functioning MSMEs which  are  NPA   or  are  stressed will  be eligible
  • will provide a support of Rs. 4,000 Cr. to CGTMSE
  • CGTMSE will provide  partial  Credit Guarantee support  to Banks
  • Promoters of the MSME will be given debt by banks, which will then be infused by promoter as equity in the unit.

Rs 50,000 cr equity infusion through MSME Fund of Funds

  • MSMEs face severe shortage of Equity.
  • Fund of Funds with Corpus of Rs 10,000 crores will be set up.
  • Will provide equity funding for MSMEs with growth potential and viability.
  • FoF will be operated through a Mother Fund and few daughter funds
  • Fund structure will help leverage Rs 50,000 cr of funds at daughter funds level
  • Will help to expand MSME size as well as Capacity.
  • Will encourage MSMEs to get listed on main board of Stock Exchanges.

New definition of MSMEs

  • Low threshold in MSME definition have created a fear among MSMEs of graduating out of the benefits and hence killing the urge to grow.
  • There has been a long-pending demand for revisions.

Announcement:

  • Definition of MSMEs will be revised
  • Investment limit will be revised upwards
  • Additional criteria of turnover also being introduced.
  • Distinction between manufacturing and service sector to be eliminated.
  • Necessary amendments to law will be brought

Existing and Revised Definition of MSMEs

 

Existing MSME Classification
Criteria  :  Investment in Plant & Machinery or Equipment
Classification Micro Small Medium
Mfg. Enterprises Investment<Rs. 25 lac Investment<Rs. 5 cr. Investment <Rs. 10 cr.
Services

Enterprise

Investment<Rs. 10 lac Investment< Rs. 2 cr. Investment<Rs. 5 cr.

 

Revised MSME Classification
Composite Criteria  :  Investment And Annual Turnover
Classification Micro Small Medium
 

Manufacturing

& Services

Investment< Rs. 1 cr.

and

Turnover < Rs.5 cr.

Investment< Rs. 10 cr.

and

Turnover < Rs.50 cr.

Investment< Rs. 20 cr.

and

Turnover < Rs.100 cr.

Global tender to be disallowed upto Rs 200 crores

  • Indian MSMEs and other companies have often faced unfair competition from foreign companies
  • Therefore, Global tenders will be disallowed in Government procurement tenders upto Rs 200 crores
  • Necessary amendments of General Financial Rules will be effected.
  • This will be a step towards Self-Reliant India (आत्मिर र्रत) and support Make in India.
  • This will also help MSMEs to increase their businesses.

Other interventions for MSMEs

  • MSMEs currently face problems of marketing and liquidity due to COVID.
  • e-market linkage for MSMEs to be promoted to act as a replacement for trade fairs and exhibitions.
  • Fintech will be used to enhance transaction based lending using the data generated by the e-marketplace.
  • Government has been continuously monitoring settlement of dues to MSME vendors from Government and Central Public Sector Undertakings.
  • MSME receivables from Gov and CPSEs to be released in 45 days

Rs 2500 crores EPF support for Businesses and Workers for 3 more months

  • Businesses continue to face financial stress as they get back to work.
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP), payment of 12% of employer and 12% employee contributions was made into EPF accounts of eligible estalishments.
  • This was provided earlier for salary months of March, April and May 2020.
  • This support will be extended by another 3 months to salary months of June, July and August 2020
  • This will provide liquidity relief of Rs 2500 cr to 3.67 lakh establishments and for 72.22 lakh

EPF contribution reduced for Business & Workers for 3 months- Rs 6750 crores

  • Businesses need support to ramp up production over the next quarter.
  • It is necessary to provide more take home salary to employees and also to give relief to employers in payment of Provident Fund dues,
  • Therefore, statutory PF contribution of both employer and employee will be reduced to 10% each from existing 12% each for all establishments covered by EPFO for next 3 months.
  • CPSEs and State PSUs will however continue to contribute 12% as employer contribution.
  • This scheme will be applicable for workers who are not eligible for 24% EPF support under PM Garib Kalyan Package and its extensions.
  • This will provide relief to about 6.5 lakh establishments covered under EPFO and about 4.3 crore such employees.
  • This will provide liquidity of Rs 6750 Crore to employers and employees over 3 months.

Rs 30,000 crores Liquidity Facility for NBFC/HCs/MFIs

  • NBFCs/HFCs/MFIs are finding it difficult to raise money in debt markets.
  • Government will launch a Rs 30,000 crore Special Liquidity Scheme
  • Under this scheme investment will be made in both primary and secondary market transactions in investment grade debt paper of NBFCs/HFCs/MFIs
  • Will supplement RBI/Government measures to augment liquidity
  • Securities will be fully guaranteed by GoI
  • This will provide liquidity support for NBFCs/HFC/MFIs and mutual funds and create confidence in the market.

 

Rs 45,000 cr Partial Credit Guarantee Scheme for NBFC

  • NBFCs, HFCs and MFIs with low credit rating require liquidity to do fresh lending to MSMEs and individuals
  • Existing PCGS scheme to be extended to cover borrowings such as primary issuance of Bonds/ CPs (liability side of balance sheets) of such entities
  • First 20% of loss will be borne by the Guarantor ie., Government of India.
  • AA paper and below including unrated paper eligible for investment (esp. relevant for many MFIs)
  • This scheme will result in liquidity of Rs 45,000 crores

Rs 90,000 cr Liquidity Injection for DISCOMs

  • Revenues of Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs) have plummeted.
  • Unprecedented cash flow problem accentuated by demand reduction
  • DISCOM payables to Power Generation and Transmission Companies is currently ~ Rs 94,000 cr
  • PFC/REC to infuse liquidity of Rs 90,000 cr to DISCOMs against receivables
  • Loans to be given against State guarantees for exclusive purpose of discharging liabilities of Discoms to Gencos.
  • Linkage to specific activities/reforms: Digital payments facility by Discoms for consumers, liquidation of outstanding dues of State Governments, Plan to reduce financial and operational losses.
  • Central Public Sector Generation Companies shall give rebate to Discoms which shall be  passed on to the final consumers (industries)

Relief to contractors

•    Extension of up to 6 months (without costs to contractor) to be provided by all Central Agencies (like Railways, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Central Public Works Dept, etc)
  • Covers construction/ works and goods and services contracts
  • Covers obligations like completion of work, intermediate milestones and extension of Concession period in PPP contracts
  • Government agencies to partially release bank guarantees, to the extent contracts are partially completed, to ease cash flows

Extension of Registration and Completion Date of Real Estate Projects under RERA

  • Adverse impact due to COVID and projects stand the risk of defaulting on RERA timelines. Time lines need to be extended.
  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs will advise States/UTs and their Regulatory Authorities to the following effect:
    • Treat COVID-19 as an event of ‘Force Majeureunder
    • Extend the registration and completion date suo-moto by 6 months for all registered projects expiring on or after 25th March, 2020 without individual
    • Regulatory Authorities may extend this for another period of upto 3 months, if needed
    • Issue fresh ‘Project Registration Certificates’ automatically with revised timelines.
    • Extend timelines for various statuary compliances under RERA concurrently.
  • These measures will de-stress real estate developers and ensure completion of projects so that homebuyers are able to get delivery of their booked houses with new timelines.

Rs 50,000 cr liquidity through TDS/TCS reductions

  • In order to provide more funds at the disposal of the taxpayers, the rates of Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) for non-salaried specified payments made to residents and rates of Tax Collection at Source (TCS) for the specified receipts shall be reduced by 25% of the existing rates.
  • Payment for contract, professional fees, interest, rent, dividend, commission, brokerage, etc. shall be eligible for this reduced rate of TDS.
  • This reduction shall be applicable for the remaining part of the FY 2020-21 i.e. from tomorrow to 31st March,2021
  • This measure will release Liquidity of Rs. 50,000

Other Direct tax Measures

  • All pending refunds to charitable trusts and non- corporate businesses & professions including proprietorship, partnership, LLP and Co-operatives shall be issued immediately.
  • Due date of all income-tax return for FY 2019-20 will be extended from 31st July, 2020 & 31stOctober, 2020 to 30th November, 2020 and Tax audit from 30th September, 2020 to 31st October,2020.
  • Date of assessments getting barred on 30th September,2020 extended to 31st December,2020 and those getting barred on 31st March,2021 will be extended to 30th September,2021.
  • Period of Vivad se Vishwas Scheme for making payment without additional amount will be extended to 31st December,2020.

Other Announcements

  • On the request of the Government of India, RBI raised the Ways and Means advance limits of States by 60% and enhanced the Overdraft duration limits.
  • Issued all the pending income-tax refunds up to ₹5 lakh, immediately benefiting around 14 lakh taxpayers
  • Implemented “Special Refund and Drawback Disposal Drive” for all pending refund and drawback claims
  • Both the above measures amount to ₹18,000 crore of refund.
  • Sanctioned Rs 15,000 crores for Emergency Health Response Package
  • Provided Relaxation in Statutory and Compliance matters, such as –
    • Extending last date for Income Tax Returns to June 30, 2020
    • Extending filing GST returns to end of June 2020
    • 24*7 custom clearance till 30th June, 2020
    • Relaxation for 3 months for debit cardholders to withdraw cash free from any ATMs, etc
    • Allowing payment before 15 May, 2020 for Motor Vehicle and Health Insurance Policies
    • Mandatory Board meetings extended by 60 days till 30 September
    • Allowing Extraordinary General Meetings through Video Conference with e-voting/simplified voting facility

Measures taken by RBI

  • Reduction of Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) has resulted in liquidity enhancement of ₹1,37,000 crores
  • Targeted Long Term Repo Operations (TLTROs) of ₹1,00,050 crore for fresh deployment   in investment grade corporate bonds, commercial paper, and non-convertible debentures.
  • TLTRO of Rs.50,000 crore for investing them in investment grade bonds, commercial paper, and non-convertible debentures of NBFCs, and
  • Increased the banks’ limit for borrowing overnight under the marginal standing facility (MSF), allowing the banking system to avail an additional ₹1,37,000 crore of liquidity at the reduced MSF rate.
  • Announced special refinance facilities to NABARD, SIDBI and the NHB for a total amount of ₹50,000 crore at the policy repo rate
  • Announced the opening of a special liquidity facility (SLF) of 50,000 crore for mutual funds to alleviate intensified liquidity pressures.
  • Moratorium of three months on payment of instalments and payment of Interest on Working Capital Facilities in respect of all Term Loans
  • Easing of Working Capital Financing by reducing margins
  • For loans by NBFCs to commercial real estate sector, additional time of one year has been given for extension of the date for commencement for commercial operations (DCCO)

 

(source & credit: PPT of GOI)

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